Legitimacy and public sentiment regarding the Covid-19 vaccine(s)
June 6, 2023
The proposed study is a large-scale quantitative sentiment analysis of the public discourse on the Covid-19 vaccination in the Netherlands based on big data, scraped from both social and traditional media. The sentiment analysis will provide insights in the legitimacy of a vaccination in terms of expectations (positive or negative), emotions behind these expectations (anger, fear, sadness, disgust, surplice, anticipation, trust, joy), and the prominence and contents of the different pillars of legitimacy (cognitive, normative, pragmatic, regulative). As Covid-19 has a great influence on society and vaccines seem to be the only solution for ending the pandemic, it is important to study the prominence and strength of negative or positive feelings regarding a potential vaccine at an early stage, whether they are included in the mainstream debate, and how the public discourse is developing in this regard. This study provides crucial information to policymakers about how to inform the general public about vaccinations for Covid-19. By insights in how the public discourse is shaped along the pillars of legitimacy, the most prominent sentiment and underlying emotions, policy makers can proactively shape their communication and information campaigns for gaining public support for a vaccine.
Acklin, M. (2020, 12 May). Most Americans would opt for coronavirus vaccine, but some are wary. Retrieved from Civic Science: https://civicscience.com/most-americans-would-optfor-coronavirusvaccine-but-some-are-wary/
Binz, C., Harris-Lovett, S., Kiparsky, D., Sedlak, L. D., & Truﬀer, B. (2016). The Thorny Road to Technology Legitimation – Institutional Work for Potable Water Reuse. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 103, 249–263.
Chang, B. (2020, 23 May). More than 40% of Republicans think Bill Gates will use Covid-19 vaccine to implant location-tracking microchip in recipients according to survey. From Business Insider: https://www.businessinsider.nl/republicans-bill-gates-covid-19 vaccine-tracking-microchip-study-2020-5/
Chafale, D., & Pimpalkar, A. (2014). Review on developing corpora for sentiment analysis using Plutchik’s wheel of emotions with fuzzy logic. International Journal of Computer Sciences and Engineering, 2(1), 14-19.
Clarke, C. E. (2011). A case of conflicting norms? Mobilizing and accountability information in newspaper coverage of the autism-vaccine controversy. Public Understanding of Science, 20(5), 609-629.
D’Souza, G., & Dowdy, D. (2020, 10 April). What is herd immunity and how can we achieveit with Covid-19. Retrieved from John Hopkins School of Public Health: https://www.jhsph.edu/covid-19/articles/achieving-herd-immunity-with-covid19.html
Dun, A. G., Surian, D., Leask, J., Dey, A., Mandl, K. D., & Coiera, E. (2017). Mapping information exposure on social media to explain differences in HPV vaccine coverage in the United States. Vaccine, 35, 3033-3040.
Hoffman, B. L., Felter, E. M., Chu, K. H., Shensa, A., Hermann, C., Wolynn, T., Williams, D., & Primack, B. A. (2019). It’s not all about autism: The emerging landscape of anti-vaccination sentiment on Facebook. Vaccine, 37, 2216-2223.
Jansma, S.R., Gosselt, J. F., & De Jong, M. D. T. (2020). Technology legitimation in the public discourse: applying the pillars of legitimacy on GM food. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 32(2), 195-207.
Johnson, N. F., Velásquez, N., Restrepo, N. J., Leahy, R., Gabriel, N., El Oud, S., Zheng, M., Manrique, P., Wuchty, S., & Lupu, Y. (2020). The online competition between pro- and anti-vaccination views. Nature, 1-7.
Rutjens, B. T. (2020). Spiritual skepticism? Heterogeneous science skepticism in the Netherlands. Public Understanding of Science, 29(3), 335-352.
Tempelman, O. (2020, 8 May). Dit zijn de zeven zondebokken van de coronacrisis. Retrieved from De Volkskrant: https://www.volkskrant.nl/nieuws-achtergrond/dit-zijn-de-zeven zondebokken-van-de-coronacrisis~bc609ea5/
Yaqub, A., Castle-Clarke, S., Sevdalis, N., & Chataway, J. (2014). Attitudes to vaccination: A critical review. Social Science & Medicine, 112, 1-11.